Linux 5.14 SSD File-System Benchmarks

Linux 5.14 kernel SSD file-system benchmarks on WD_BLACK SN850 NVMe solid-state drive. Benchmarks by Michael Larabel for a future article.

Compare your own system(s) to this result file with the Phoronix Test Suite by running the command: phoronix-test-suite benchmark 2108260-PTS-SSDS978300
Jump To Table - Results

View

Do Not Show Noisy Results
Do Not Show Results With Incomplete Data
Do Not Show Results With Little Change/Spread
List Notable Results

Limit displaying results to tests within:

CPU Massive 2 Tests
Database Test Suite 3 Tests
Disk Test Suite 4 Tests
Multi-Core 2 Tests
Server 3 Tests

Statistics

Show Overall Harmonic Mean(s)
Show Overall Geometric Mean
Show Geometric Means Per-Suite/Category
Show Wins / Losses Counts (Pie Chart)
Normalize Results
Remove Outliers Before Calculating Averages

Graph Settings

Force Line Graphs Where Applicable
Convert To Scalar Where Applicable
Prefer Vertical Bar Graphs

Multi-Way Comparison

Condense Multi-Option Tests Into Single Result Graphs

Table

Show Detailed System Result Table

Run Management

Highlight
Result
Hide
Result
Result
Identifier
Performance Per
Dollar
Date
Run
  Test
  Duration
F2FS
August 23
  4 Hours, 4 Minutes
Btrfs
August 24
  2 Hours, 20 Minutes
EXT4
August 24
  2 Hours, 43 Minutes
XFS
August 24
  2 Hours, 48 Minutes
Invert Hiding All Results Option
  2 Hours, 58 Minutes

Only show results where is faster than
Only show results matching title/arguments (delimit multiple options with a comma):


Linux 5.14 SSD File-System BenchmarksOpenBenchmarking.orgPhoronix Test Suite 10.6.1AMD Ryzen 9 5900X 12-Core @ 3.70GHz (12 Cores / 24 Threads)ASUS ROG CROSSHAIR VIII HERO (3501 BIOS)AMD Starship/Matisse16GB1000GB Western Digital WD_BLACK SN850 1TB + 1000GB Western Digital WDS100T1X0E-00AFY0AMD DIMGREY_CAVEFISH 8GB (2900/1000MHz)AMD Device ab28ASUS VP28URealtek RTL8125 2.5GbE + Intel I211Ubuntu 20.045.14.0-051400rc7-generic (x86_64) 20210822GNOME Shell 3.36.9X Server 1.20.114.6 Mesa 21.3.0-devel (git-2b4b310 2021-08-21 focal-oibaf-ppa) (LLVM 12.0.1)1.2.185GCC 9.3.0f2fsbtrfsext4xfs3840x2160ProcessorMotherboardChipsetMemoryDiskGraphicsAudioMonitorNetworkOSKernelDesktopDisplay ServerOpenGLVulkanCompilerFile-SystemsScreen ResolutionLinux 5.14 SSD File-System Benchmarks PerformanceSystem Logs- Transparent Huge Pages: madvise- --build=x86_64-linux-gnu --disable-vtable-verify --disable-werror --enable-checking=release --enable-clocale=gnu --enable-default-pie --enable-gnu-unique-object --enable-languages=c,ada,c++,go,brig,d,fortran,objc,obj-c++,gm2 --enable-libstdcxx-debug --enable-libstdcxx-time=yes --enable-multiarch --enable-multilib --enable-nls --enable-objc-gc=auto --enable-offload-targets=nvptx-none=/build/gcc-9-HskZEa/gcc-9-9.3.0/debian/tmp-nvptx/usr,hsa --enable-plugin --enable-shared --enable-threads=posix --host=x86_64-linux-gnu --program-prefix=x86_64-linux-gnu- --target=x86_64-linux-gnu --with-abi=m64 --with-arch-32=i686 --with-default-libstdcxx-abi=new --with-gcc-major-version-only --with-multilib-list=m32,m64,mx32 --with-target-system-zlib=auto --with-tune=generic --without-cuda-driver -v - F2FS: NONE / acl,active_logs=6,alloc_mode=default,background_gc=on,checkpoint_merge,discard,extent_cache,flush_merge,fsync_mode=posix,inline_data,inline_dentry,inline_xattr,lazytime,mode=adaptive,no_heap,relatime,rw,user_xattr / Block Size: 4096 - Btrfs: NONE / relatime,rw,space_cache,ssd,subvol=/,subvolid=5 / Block Size: 4096- EXT4: NONE / relatime,rw / Block Size: 4096- XFS: NONE / attr2,inode64,logbsize=32k,logbufs=8,noquota,relatime,rw / Block Size: 4096- Scaling Governor: acpi-cpufreq ondemand (Boost: Enabled) - CPU Microcode: 0xa201009- itlb_multihit: Not affected + l1tf: Not affected + mds: Not affected + meltdown: Not affected + spec_store_bypass: Mitigation of SSB disabled via prctl and seccomp + spectre_v1: Mitigation of usercopy/swapgs barriers and __user pointer sanitization + spectre_v2: Mitigation of Full AMD retpoline IBPB: conditional IBRS_FW STIBP: always-on RSB filling + srbds: Not affected + tsx_async_abort: Not affected

F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFSResult OverviewPhoronix Test Suite 10.6.1100%121%142%163%185%DbenchFlexible IO TesterPostgreSQL pgbenchFS-MarkSQLiteMariaDBIOR

Linux 5.14 SSD File-System Benchmarkssqlite: 1sqlite: 8fio: Rand Read - IO_uring - No - Yes - 4KB - Default Test Directoryfio: Rand Write - IO_uring - No - Yes - 4KB - Default Test Directoryfio: Seq Read - IO_uring - No - Yes - 2MB - Default Test Directoryfio: Seq Write - IO_uring - No - Yes - 2MB - Default Test Directoryfs-mark: 1000 Files, 1MB Sizefs-mark: 5000 Files, 1MB Size, 4 Threadsfs-mark: 4000 Files, 32 Sub Dirs, 1MB Sizedbench: 6ior: 16MB - Default Test Directorymysqlslap: 128mysqlslap: 256mysqlslap: 512pgbench: 100 - 50 - Read Writepgbench: 100 - 50 - Read Write - Average Latencypgbench: 1000 - 50 - Read Onlypgbench: 1000 - 50 - Read Only - Average Latencypgbench: 1000 - 50 - Read Writepgbench: 1000 - 50 - Read Write - Average LatencyF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS9.12718.172753667285000359116351190.52491.71193.53234.572291.221081841779410831.2172910110.172344391.45213.38524.34555433314333332531633872.21841.0859.22005.652291.05856725706243562.0533113790.161203612.4567.22128.77876000071200035911634843.01798.9838.52474.152091.141037791748412001.2143385990.148294551.7608.27438.91075566771566735931635827.21774.5829.41751.812445.031025799751416461.2013400830.147370591.350OpenBenchmarking.org

SQLite

This is a simple benchmark of SQLite. At present this test profile just measures the time to perform a pre-defined number of insertions on an indexed database. Learn more via the OpenBenchmarking.org test page.

OpenBenchmarking.orgSeconds, Fewer Is BetterSQLite 3.30.1Threads / Copies: 1F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS3691215SE +/- 0.025, N = 3SE +/- 0.287, N = 15SE +/- 0.021, N = 3SE +/- 0.005, N = 39.12713.3857.2218.2741. (CC) gcc options: -O2 -lz -lm -ldl -lpthread
OpenBenchmarking.orgSeconds, Fewer Is BetterSQLite 3.30.1Threads / Copies: 1F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS48121620Min: 9.09 / Avg: 9.13 / Max: 9.18Min: 12.66 / Avg: 13.39 / Max: 16.41Min: 7.18 / Avg: 7.22 / Max: 7.25Min: 8.27 / Avg: 8.27 / Max: 8.281. (CC) gcc options: -O2 -lz -lm -ldl -lpthread

OpenBenchmarking.orgSeconds, Fewer Is BetterSQLite 3.30.1Threads / Copies: 8F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS918273645SE +/- 0.11, N = 3SE +/- 0.31, N = 15SE +/- 0.01, N = 3SE +/- 0.13, N = 318.1724.3528.7838.911. (CC) gcc options: -O2 -lz -lm -ldl -lpthread
OpenBenchmarking.orgSeconds, Fewer Is BetterSQLite 3.30.1Threads / Copies: 8F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS816243240Min: 18 / Avg: 18.17 / Max: 18.37Min: 22.83 / Avg: 24.35 / Max: 27Min: 28.76 / Avg: 28.78 / Max: 28.8Min: 38.78 / Avg: 38.91 / Max: 39.171. (CC) gcc options: -O2 -lz -lm -ldl -lpthread

Flexible IO Tester

FIO, the Flexible I/O Tester, is an advanced Linux disk benchmark supporting multiple I/O engines and a wealth of options. FIO was written by Jens Axboe for testing of the Linux I/O subsystem and schedulers. Learn more via the OpenBenchmarking.org test page.

OpenBenchmarking.orgIOPS, More Is BetterFlexible IO Tester 3.25Type: Random Read - Engine: IO_uring - Buffered: No - Direct: Yes - Block Size: 4KB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS160K320K480K640K800KSE +/- 9333.33, N = 3SE +/- 2905.93, N = 3SE +/- 4725.82, N = 3SE +/- 3756.48, N = 37536675543337600007556671. (CC) gcc options: -rdynamic -ll -lnuma -lrt -lz -lpthread -lm -ldl -laio -lcurl -lssl -lcrypto -std=gnu99 -ffast-math -include -O3 -fcommon -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -march=native
OpenBenchmarking.orgIOPS, More Is BetterFlexible IO Tester 3.25Type: Random Read - Engine: IO_uring - Buffered: No - Direct: Yes - Block Size: 4KB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS130K260K390K520K650KMin: 735000 / Avg: 753666.67 / Max: 763000Min: 549000 / Avg: 554333.33 / Max: 559000Min: 753000 / Avg: 760000 / Max: 769000Min: 749000 / Avg: 755666.67 / Max: 7620001. (CC) gcc options: -rdynamic -ll -lnuma -lrt -lz -lpthread -lm -ldl -laio -lcurl -lssl -lcrypto -std=gnu99 -ffast-math -include -O3 -fcommon -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -march=native

OpenBenchmarking.orgIOPS, More Is BetterFlexible IO Tester 3.25Type: Random Write - Engine: IO_uring - Buffered: No - Direct: Yes - Block Size: 4KB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS150K300K450K600K750KSE +/- 1527.53, N = 3SE +/- 1201.85, N = 3SE +/- 1527.53, N = 3SE +/- 2027.59, N = 32850001433337120007156671. (CC) gcc options: -rdynamic -ll -lnuma -lrt -lz -lpthread -lm -ldl -laio -lcurl -lssl -lcrypto -std=gnu99 -ffast-math -include -O3 -fcommon -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -march=native
OpenBenchmarking.orgIOPS, More Is BetterFlexible IO Tester 3.25Type: Random Write - Engine: IO_uring - Buffered: No - Direct: Yes - Block Size: 4KB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS120K240K360K480K600KMin: 282000 / Avg: 285000 / Max: 287000Min: 141000 / Avg: 143333.33 / Max: 145000Min: 710000 / Avg: 712000 / Max: 715000Min: 712000 / Avg: 715666.67 / Max: 7190001. (CC) gcc options: -rdynamic -ll -lnuma -lrt -lz -lpthread -lm -ldl -laio -lcurl -lssl -lcrypto -std=gnu99 -ffast-math -include -O3 -fcommon -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -march=native

OpenBenchmarking.orgMB/s, More Is BetterFlexible IO Tester 3.25Type: Sequential Read - Engine: IO_uring - Buffered: No - Direct: Yes - Block Size: 2MB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS8001600240032004000SE +/- 39.61, N = 3SE +/- 0.88, N = 335913253359135931. (CC) gcc options: -rdynamic -ll -lnuma -lrt -lz -lpthread -lm -ldl -laio -lcurl -lssl -lcrypto -std=gnu99 -ffast-math -include -O3 -fcommon -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -march=native
OpenBenchmarking.orgMB/s, More Is BetterFlexible IO Tester 3.25Type: Sequential Read - Engine: IO_uring - Buffered: No - Direct: Yes - Block Size: 2MB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS6001200180024003000Min: 3202 / Avg: 3253 / Max: 3331Min: 3591 / Avg: 3592.67 / Max: 35941. (CC) gcc options: -rdynamic -ll -lnuma -lrt -lz -lpthread -lm -ldl -laio -lcurl -lssl -lcrypto -std=gnu99 -ffast-math -include -O3 -fcommon -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -march=native

OpenBenchmarking.orgIOPS, More Is BetterFlexible IO Tester 3.25Type: Sequential Write - Engine: IO_uring - Buffered: No - Direct: Yes - Block Size: 2MB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS400800120016002000SE +/- 0.33, N = 3SE +/- 0.58, N = 3SE +/- 0.33, N = 3SE +/- 1.20, N = 316351633163416351. (CC) gcc options: -rdynamic -ll -lnuma -lrt -lz -lpthread -lm -ldl -laio -lcurl -lssl -lcrypto -std=gnu99 -ffast-math -include -O3 -fcommon -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -march=native
OpenBenchmarking.orgIOPS, More Is BetterFlexible IO Tester 3.25Type: Sequential Write - Engine: IO_uring - Buffered: No - Direct: Yes - Block Size: 2MB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS30060090012001500Min: 1635 / Avg: 1635.33 / Max: 1636Min: 1632 / Avg: 1633 / Max: 1634Min: 1634 / Avg: 1634.33 / Max: 1635Min: 1633 / Avg: 1635.33 / Max: 16371. (CC) gcc options: -rdynamic -ll -lnuma -lrt -lz -lpthread -lm -ldl -laio -lcurl -lssl -lcrypto -std=gnu99 -ffast-math -include -O3 -fcommon -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -march=native

FS-Mark

FS_Mark is designed to test a system's file-system performance. Learn more via the OpenBenchmarking.org test page.

OpenBenchmarking.orgFiles/s, More Is BetterFS-Mark 3.3Test: 1000 Files, 1MB SizeF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS30060090012001500SE +/- 3.32, N = 3SE +/- 3.88, N = 3SE +/- 1.01, N = 3SE +/- 3.19, N = 31190.5872.2843.0827.21. (CC) gcc options: -static
OpenBenchmarking.orgFiles/s, More Is BetterFS-Mark 3.3Test: 1000 Files, 1MB SizeF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS2004006008001000Min: 1184.8 / Avg: 1190.53 / Max: 1196.3Min: 866.3 / Avg: 872.17 / Max: 879.5Min: 841 / Avg: 843 / Max: 844.3Min: 823.6 / Avg: 827.23 / Max: 833.61. (CC) gcc options: -static

OpenBenchmarking.orgFiles/s, More Is BetterFS-Mark 3.3Test: 5000 Files, 1MB Size, 4 ThreadsF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS5001000150020002500SE +/- 5.37, N = 3SE +/- 21.56, N = 3SE +/- 1.24, N = 3SE +/- 6.06, N = 32491.71841.01798.91774.51. (CC) gcc options: -static
OpenBenchmarking.orgFiles/s, More Is BetterFS-Mark 3.3Test: 5000 Files, 1MB Size, 4 ThreadsF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS400800120016002000Min: 2482.4 / Avg: 2491.7 / Max: 2501Min: 1798 / Avg: 1841 / Max: 1865.3Min: 1796.7 / Avg: 1798.9 / Max: 1801Min: 1763.3 / Avg: 1774.5 / Max: 1784.11. (CC) gcc options: -static

OpenBenchmarking.orgFiles/s, More Is BetterFS-Mark 3.3Test: 4000 Files, 32 Sub Dirs, 1MB SizeF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS30060090012001500SE +/- 3.23, N = 3SE +/- 2.65, N = 3SE +/- 2.67, N = 3SE +/- 3.22, N = 31193.5859.2838.5829.41. (CC) gcc options: -static
OpenBenchmarking.orgFiles/s, More Is BetterFS-Mark 3.3Test: 4000 Files, 32 Sub Dirs, 1MB SizeF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS2004006008001000Min: 1187.3 / Avg: 1193.53 / Max: 1198.1Min: 855.7 / Avg: 859.2 / Max: 864.4Min: 833.2 / Avg: 838.53 / Max: 841.4Min: 823 / Avg: 829.43 / Max: 8331. (CC) gcc options: -static

Dbench

Dbench is a benchmark designed by the Samba project as a free alternative to netbench, but dbench contains only file-system calls for testing the disk performance. Learn more via the OpenBenchmarking.org test page.

OpenBenchmarking.orgMB/s, More Is BetterDbench 4.0Client Count: 6F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS7001400210028003500SE +/- 92.55, N = 9SE +/- 3.25, N = 3SE +/- 1.03, N = 3SE +/- 0.28, N = 33234.572005.652474.151751.811. (CC) gcc options: -lpopt -O2
OpenBenchmarking.orgMB/s, More Is BetterDbench 4.0Client Count: 6F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS6001200180024003000Min: 3053.78 / Avg: 3234.57 / Max: 3960.13Min: 1999.27 / Avg: 2005.65 / Max: 2009.96Min: 2472.5 / Avg: 2474.15 / Max: 2476.03Min: 1751.34 / Avg: 1751.81 / Max: 1752.321. (CC) gcc options: -lpopt -O2

IOR

IOR is a parallel I/O storage benchmark making use of MPI with a particular focus on HPC (High Performance Computing) systems. IOR is developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Learn more via the OpenBenchmarking.org test page.

OpenBenchmarking.orgMB/s, More Is BetterIOR 3.3.0Block Size: 16MB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS5001000150020002500SE +/- 9.96, N = 3SE +/- 10.10, N = 3SE +/- 6.33, N = 3SE +/- 32.57, N = 32291.222291.052091.142445.03MIN: 113.76 / MAX: 2903.3MIN: 1995.52 / MAX: 2735.91MIN: 1556.91 / MAX: 2551.17MIN: 1622.8 / MAX: 2902.791. (CC) gcc options: -O2 -lm -pthread -lmpi
OpenBenchmarking.orgMB/s, More Is BetterIOR 3.3.0Block Size: 16MB - Disk Target: Default Test DirectoryF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS400800120016002000Min: 2274.03 / Avg: 2291.22 / Max: 2308.54Min: 2279.4 / Avg: 2291.05 / Max: 2311.17Min: 2083.43 / Avg: 2091.14 / Max: 2103.7Min: 2380.15 / Avg: 2445.03 / Max: 2482.531. (CC) gcc options: -O2 -lm -pthread -lmpi

MariaDB

This is a MariaDB MySQL database server benchmark making use of mysqlslap. Learn more via the OpenBenchmarking.org test page.

OpenBenchmarking.orgQueries Per Second, More Is BetterMariaDB 10.6.4Clients: 128F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS2004006008001000SE +/- 6.47, N = 3SE +/- 2.40, N = 3SE +/- 3.45, N = 3SE +/- 0.70, N = 31081856103710251. (CXX) g++ options: -pie -fPIC -fstack-protector -O3 -pthread -lbz2 -lnuma -lpcre2-8 -lcrypt -laio -lz -lm -lssl -lcrypto -lpthread -ldl
OpenBenchmarking.orgQueries Per Second, More Is BetterMariaDB 10.6.4Clients: 128F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS2004006008001000Min: 1068.38 / Avg: 1081.16 / Max: 1089.32Min: 851.79 / Avg: 856.42 / Max: 859.85Min: 1030.93 / Avg: 1037.37 / Max: 1042.75Min: 1023.54 / Avg: 1024.94 / Max: 1025.641. (CXX) g++ options: -pie -fPIC -fstack-protector -O3 -pthread -lbz2 -lnuma -lpcre2-8 -lcrypt -laio -lz -lm -lssl -lcrypto -lpthread -ldl

OpenBenchmarking.orgQueries Per Second, More Is BetterMariaDB 10.6.4Clients: 256F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS2004006008001000SE +/- 6.13, N = 3SE +/- 3.04, N = 3SE +/- 9.68, N = 4SE +/- 10.40, N = 38417257917991. (CXX) g++ options: -pie -fPIC -fstack-protector -O3 -pthread -lbz2 -lnuma -lpcre2-8 -lcrypt -laio -lz -lm -lssl -lcrypto -lpthread -ldl
OpenBenchmarking.orgQueries Per Second, More Is BetterMariaDB 10.6.4Clients: 256F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS150300450600750Min: 830.56 / Avg: 840.9 / Max: 851.79Min: 719.94 / Avg: 725.19 / Max: 730.46Min: 771.6 / Avg: 790.87 / Max: 816.33Min: 781.86 / Avg: 798.57 / Max: 817.661. (CXX) g++ options: -pie -fPIC -fstack-protector -O3 -pthread -lbz2 -lnuma -lpcre2-8 -lcrypt -laio -lz -lm -lssl -lcrypto -lpthread -ldl

OpenBenchmarking.orgQueries Per Second, More Is BetterMariaDB 10.6.4Clients: 512F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS2004006008001000SE +/- 0.53, N = 3SE +/- 1.20, N = 3SE +/- 3.11, N = 3SE +/- 0.19, N = 37797067487511. (CXX) g++ options: -pie -fPIC -fstack-protector -O3 -pthread -lbz2 -lnuma -lpcre2-8 -lcrypt -laio -lz -lm -lssl -lcrypto -lpthread -ldl
OpenBenchmarking.orgQueries Per Second, More Is BetterMariaDB 10.6.4Clients: 512F2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS140280420560700Min: 777.6 / Avg: 778.61 / Max: 779.42Min: 703.23 / Avg: 705.55 / Max: 707.21Min: 743.49 / Avg: 748.34 / Max: 754.15Min: 750.75 / Avg: 750.94 / Max: 751.311. (CXX) g++ options: -pie -fPIC -fstack-protector -O3 -pthread -lbz2 -lnuma -lpcre2-8 -lcrypt -laio -lz -lm -lssl -lcrypto -lpthread -ldl

PostgreSQL pgbench

This is a benchmark of PostgreSQL using pgbench for facilitating the database benchmarks. Learn more via the OpenBenchmarking.org test page.

OpenBenchmarking.orgTPS, More Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 100 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read WriteF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS9K18K27K36K45KSE +/- 18.55, N = 3SE +/- 104.55, N = 3SE +/- 236.30, N = 3SE +/- 17.09, N = 3410832435641200416461. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm
OpenBenchmarking.orgTPS, More Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 100 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read WriteF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS7K14K21K28K35KMin: 41045.89 / Avg: 41082.57 / Max: 41105.7Min: 24224.55 / Avg: 24356.09 / Max: 24562.63Min: 40727.43 / Avg: 41199.96 / Max: 41442.85Min: 41620.86 / Avg: 41646.2 / Max: 41678.751. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm

OpenBenchmarking.orgms, Fewer Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 100 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read Write - Average LatencyF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS0.46190.92381.38571.84762.3095SE +/- 0.001, N = 3SE +/- 0.009, N = 3SE +/- 0.007, N = 3SE +/- 0.000, N = 31.2172.0531.2141.2011. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm
OpenBenchmarking.orgms, Fewer Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 100 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read Write - Average LatencyF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS246810Min: 1.22 / Avg: 1.22 / Max: 1.22Min: 2.04 / Avg: 2.05 / Max: 2.06Min: 1.21 / Avg: 1.21 / Max: 1.23Min: 1.2 / Avg: 1.2 / Max: 1.21. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm

OpenBenchmarking.orgTPS, More Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 1000 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read OnlyF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS70K140K210K280K350KSE +/- 3123.24, N = 12SE +/- 2881.18, N = 3SE +/- 802.68, N = 3SE +/- 1110.10, N = 32910113113793385993400831. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm
OpenBenchmarking.orgTPS, More Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 1000 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read OnlyF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS60K120K180K240K300KMin: 280944.51 / Avg: 291011.24 / Max: 320878.3Min: 305617.07 / Avg: 311379.31 / Max: 314292.57Min: 337651.57 / Avg: 338598.55 / Max: 340194.68Min: 337972.02 / Avg: 340083.36 / Max: 341733.71. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm

OpenBenchmarking.orgms, Fewer Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 1000 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read Only - Average LatencyF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS0.03870.07740.11610.15480.1935SE +/- 0.002, N = 12SE +/- 0.002, N = 3SE +/- 0.000, N = 3SE +/- 0.001, N = 30.1720.1610.1480.1471. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm
OpenBenchmarking.orgms, Fewer Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 1000 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read Only - Average LatencyF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS12345Min: 0.16 / Avg: 0.17 / Max: 0.18Min: 0.16 / Avg: 0.16 / Max: 0.16Min: 0.15 / Avg: 0.15 / Max: 0.15Min: 0.15 / Avg: 0.15 / Max: 0.151. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm

OpenBenchmarking.orgTPS, More Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 1000 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read WriteF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS8K16K24K32K40KSE +/- 78.62, N = 3SE +/- 101.55, N = 3SE +/- 1887.77, N = 9SE +/- 270.24, N = 11344392036129455370591. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm
OpenBenchmarking.orgTPS, More Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 1000 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read WriteF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS6K12K18K24K30KMin: 34306.07 / Avg: 34438.56 / Max: 34578.16Min: 20167.45 / Avg: 20361.32 / Max: 20510.69Min: 20940.21 / Avg: 29455.04 / Max: 36059.23Min: 34973.05 / Avg: 37058.94 / Max: 37733.891. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm

OpenBenchmarking.orgms, Fewer Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 1000 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read Write - Average LatencyF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS0.55261.10521.65782.21042.763SE +/- 0.003, N = 3SE +/- 0.012, N = 3SE +/- 0.123, N = 9SE +/- 0.010, N = 111.4522.4561.7601.3501. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm
OpenBenchmarking.orgms, Fewer Is BetterPostgreSQL pgbench 13.0Scaling Factor: 1000 - Clients: 50 - Mode: Read Write - Average LatencyF2FSBtrfsEXT4XFS246810Min: 1.45 / Avg: 1.45 / Max: 1.46Min: 2.44 / Avg: 2.46 / Max: 2.48Min: 1.39 / Avg: 1.76 / Max: 2.39Min: 1.33 / Avg: 1.35 / Max: 1.431. (CC) gcc options: -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -O2 -lpgcommon -lpgport -lpq -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lm