Apache Cassandra

This is a benchmark of the Apache Cassandra NoSQL database management system making use of cassandra-stress.

To run this test with the Phoronix Test Suite, the basic command is: phoronix-test-suite benchmark cassandra.

Source Repository

github.com

Test Created

8 October 2019

Last Updated

28 July 2021

Test Maintainer

Michael Larabel 

Test Type

System

Average Install Time

2 Seconds

Average Run Time

14 Minutes, 35 Seconds

Test Dependencies

Java

Accolades

20k+ Downloads

Supported Platforms


Public Result Uploads *Reported Installs **Reported Test Completions **Test Profile Page Views ***OpenBenchmarking.orgEventsApache Cassandra Popularity Statisticspts/cassandra2019.102019.112019.122020.012020.022020.032020.042020.052020.062020.072020.082020.092020.102020.112020.122021.012021.022021.032021.042021.052021.062021.072021.082021.092021.102021.112021.122022.012022.022022.032022.042022.052022.062022.072022.082022.0913002600390052006500
* Uploading of benchmark result data to OpenBenchmarking.org is always optional (opt-in) via the Phoronix Test Suite for users wishing to share their results publicly.
** Data based on those opting to upload their test results to OpenBenchmarking.org and users enabling the opt-in anonymous statistics reporting while running benchmarks from an Internet-connected platform.
*** Test profile page view reporting began March 2021.
Data current as of 25 September 2022.
Mixed 1:318.2%Mixed 1:115.8%Reads20.6%Writes45.4%Test Option PopularityOpenBenchmarking.org

Revision History

pts/cassandra-1.1.1   [View Source]   Wed, 28 Jul 2021 08:44:39 GMT
Pre.sh fix for letting Cassandra daemon run as root (-R option needed).

pts/cassandra-1.1.0   [View Source]   Tue, 27 Jul 2021 17:50:06 GMT
Update against Apache Cassandra 4.0 upstream.

pts/cassandra-1.0.3   [View Source]   Fri, 03 Apr 2020 16:21:27 GMT
Update mirror lists https://github.com/phoronix-test-suite/test-profiles/issues/135

pts/cassandra-1.0.2   [View Source]   Wed, 09 Oct 2019 07:32:22 GMT
Allow running cassandra as root.

pts/cassandra-1.0.1   [View Source]   Tue, 08 Oct 2019 16:41:13 GMT
Always create logs directory otherwise Cassandra bails.

pts/cassandra-1.0.0   [View Source]   Tue, 08 Oct 2019 16:13:09 GMT
Initial version of Apache Cassandra benchmark using cassandra-stress.

Suites Using This Test

Database Test Suite

Server

Multi-Core


Performance Metrics

Analyze Test Configuration:

Apache Cassandra 4.0

Test: Writes

OpenBenchmarking.org metrics for this test profile configuration based on 476 public results since 27 July 2021 with the latest data as of 27 September 2022.

Below is an overview of the generalized performance for components where there is sufficient statistically significant data based upon user-uploaded results. It is important to keep in mind particularly in the Linux/open-source space there can be vastly different OS configurations, with this overview intended to offer just general guidance as to the performance expectations.

Component
Percentile Rank
# Compatible Public Results
Op/s (Average)
99th
8
274827 +/- 5751
99th
4
270278 +/- 3050
95th
11
257710 +/- 13704
94th
5
252202 +/- 1596
93rd
4
250228 +/- 425
88th
6
238161 +/- 1740
88th
3
237856 +/- 22787
88th
3
234684 +/- 15473
88th
10
234638 +/- 9928
86th
6
227072 +/- 8057
83rd
9
217148 +/- 4055
80th
8
211023 +/- 8436
78th
13
205470 +/- 10037
Mid-Tier
75th
< 197128
75th
13
195607 +/- 7801
71st
11
187455 +/- 13420
71st
4
183963 +/- 7719
67th
5
171142 +/- 10220
65th
8
161412 +/- 2867
63rd
3
156542 +/- 2324
60th
4
148080 +/- 1457
59th
3
144356 +/- 1571
56th
4
133302 +/- 4928
56th
3
132449 +/- 1683
54th
3
127007 +/- 188
Median
50th
115369
48th
7
108739 +/- 12937
47th
7
106943 +/- 898
43rd
3
95430 +/- 3623
40th
9
90502 +/- 2581
40th
3
89990 +/- 2801
39th
7
89505 +/- 5183
37th
5
87052 +/- 984
34th
3
82645 +/- 554
34th
3
80124 +/- 1017
33rd
3
79168 +/- 261
32nd
3
76977 +/- 437
30th
7
75282 +/- 538
28th
3
67215 +/- 845
27th
3
66108 +/- 1105
26th
3
57847 +/- 1181
Low-Tier
25th
< 56365
25th
3
56036 +/- 360
25th
3
55983 +/- 543
24th
3
51433 +/- 1084
22nd
3
45683 +/- 4584
22nd
8
44992 +/- 6209
21st
3
44227 +/- 207
20th
3
40921 +/- 413
20th
4
40586 +/- 461
17th
3
38603 +/- 363
16th
6
37013 +/- 2891
15th
3
30466 +/- 294
14th
7
26602 +/- 1355
13th
3
25278 +/- 1361
12th
3
23525 +/- 624
10th
4
19700 +/- 215
10th
3
19428 +/- 205
9th
3
19068 +/- 159
6th
6
11791 +/- 329
OpenBenchmarking.orgDistribution Of Public Results - Test: Writes464 Results Range From 3361 To 302761 Op/s33619349153372132527313333013928945277512655725363241692297521781205871939318199169105157111145117133123121129109135097141085147073153061159049165037171025177013183001188989194977200965206953212941218929224917230905236893242881248869254857260845266833272821278809284797290785296773302761612182430

Based on OpenBenchmarking.org data, the selected test / test configuration (Apache Cassandra 4.0 - Test: Writes) has an average run-time of 7 minutes. By default this test profile is set to run at least 3 times but may increase if the standard deviation exceeds pre-defined defaults or other calculations deem additional runs necessary for greater statistical accuracy of the result.

OpenBenchmarking.orgMinutesTime Required To Complete BenchmarkTest: WritesRun-Time510152025Min: 5 / Avg: 7.32 / Max: 20

Based on public OpenBenchmarking.org results, the selected test / test configuration has an average standard deviation of 0.5%.

OpenBenchmarking.orgPercent, Fewer Is BetterAverage Deviation Between RunsTest: WritesDeviation246810Min: 0 / Avg: 0.47 / Max: 2

Does It Scale Well With Increasing Cores?

Yes, based on the automated analysis of the collected public benchmark data, this test / test settings does generally scale well with increasing CPU core counts. Data based on publicly available results for this test / test settings, separated by vendor, result divided by the reference CPU clock speed, grouped by matching physical CPU core count, and normalized against the smallest core count tested from each vendor for each CPU having a sufficient number of test samples and statistically significant data.

IntelAMDOpenBenchmarking.orgRelative Core Scaling To BaseApache Cassandra CPU Core ScalingTest: Writes46812162432641281.83.65.47.29

Tested CPU Architectures

This benchmark has been successfully tested on the below mentioned architectures. The CPU architectures listed is where successful OpenBenchmarking.org result uploads occurred, namely for helping to determine if a given test is compatible with various alternative CPU architectures.

CPU Architecture
Kernel Identifier
Verified On
Intel / AMD x86 64-bit
x86_64
(Many Processors)
IBM Z
s390x
(Many Processors)
ARMv8 64-bit
aarch64
ARMv8 Neoverse-N1, ARMv8 Neoverse-N1 64-Core, ARMv8 Neoverse-N1 80-Core, ARMv8 Neoverse-V1

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