PostgreSQL pgbench

This is a simple benchmark of PostgreSQL using pgbench.

To run this test with the Phoronix Test Suite, the basic command is: phoronix-test-suite benchmark pgbench.

Project Site

Test Created

6 December 2010

Last Updated

14 September 2023

Test Maintainer

Michael Larabel 

Test Type


Average Install Time

1 Minute, 10 Seconds

Average Run Time

5 Minutes, 37 Seconds

Test Dependencies

C/C++ Compiler Toolchain + BC


300k+ Downloads + 10k+ Public Benchmark Results

Supported Platforms

Public Result Uploads *Reported Test Completions **Reported Installs **Test Profile Page Views ***OpenBenchmarking.orgEventsPostgreSQL pgbench Popularity Statisticspts/pgbench2010.122011.052011.102012.032012.082013.012013.062013.112014.042014.092015.022015.072015.122016.052016.102017.032017.082018.012018.062018.112019.042019.092020.022020.072020.122021.052021.102022.032022.082023.012023.062023.11200K400K600K800K1000K
* Uploading of benchmark result data to is always optional (opt-in) via the Phoronix Test Suite for users wishing to share their results publicly.
** Data based on those opting to upload their test results to and users enabling the opt-in anonymous statistics reporting while running benchmarks from an Internet-connected platform.
*** Test profile page view reporting began March 2021.
Data updated weekly as of 28 November 2023.
132.5%100014.6%10052.9%Scaling Factor Option
10012.6%100033.4%25012.7%507.8%50015.0%80018.5%Clients Option
Read Write47.9%Read Only52.1%Mode Option

Revision History

pts/pgbench-1.14.0   [View Source]   Thu, 14 Sep 2023 16:25:36 GMT
Update against PostgreSQL 16 upstream.

pts/pgbench-1.13.0   [View Source]   Thu, 05 Jan 2023 18:30:08 GMT
Make use of PostgreSQL prepared mode for pgbench, add higher client options.

pts/pgbench-1.12.0   [View Source]   Thu, 13 Oct 2022 11:20:45 GMT
Update against PostgreSQL 15 upstream.

pts/pgbench-1.11.1   [View Source]   Tue, 11 Jan 2022 14:32:09 GMT
Allow a scaling factor up to 25,000.

pts/pgbench-1.11.0   [View Source]   Thu, 30 Sep 2021 15:06:31 GMT
Update against PostgreSQL 14.0 upstream, various tuning improvements too.

pts/pgbench-1.10.2   [View Source]   Sat, 24 Jul 2021 18:40:45 GMT
Increase time -T option to 90, oversight that it wasn't bumped higher in more recent years.

pts/pgbench-1.10.1   [View Source]   Thu, 24 Sep 2020 14:41:34 GMT
Settings tweak for the 1.10.0 changes.

pts/pgbench-1.10.0   [View Source]   Thu, 24 Sep 2020 12:11:09 GMT
Update against PostgreSQL 13.0 upstream, restructure test option handling.

pts/pgbench-1.9.1   [View Source]   Fri, 04 Oct 2019 06:53:32 GMT
Fix heavy contentiob by going off physical CPU cores.

pts/pgbench-1.9.0   [View Source]   Thu, 03 Oct 2019 09:57:40 GMT
Update against PostgreSQL 12.0. NOTE: still waiting on official Windows postgresql 12 release binaries.

pts/pgbench-1.8.7   [View Source]   Fri, 29 Mar 2019 03:20:12 GMT
Update download URLs.

pts/pgbench-1.8.6   [View Source]   Fri, 07 Dec 2018 12:47:49 GMT
Enable BSD build support.

pts/pgbench-1.8.5   [View Source]   Fri, 07 Sep 2018 09:43:34 GMT
Add bc as an external dependency.

pts/pgbench-1.8.4   [View Source]   Sun, 25 Mar 2018 13:10:40 GMT
Fix the bundled patch allowing PostgreSQL to run as root.

pts/pgbench-1.8.3   [View Source]   Thu, 22 Mar 2018 18:07:18 GMT
Adjust run count as was bumped lower during debugging.

pts/pgbench-1.8.2   [View Source]   Thu, 22 Mar 2018 18:06:30 GMT
Create db directory on Windows otherwise the test seems to sometimes fail, also add note about MSVCR120.dll needing to be on system for PostgreSQL to work.

pts/pgbench-1.8.1   [View Source]   Thu, 01 Mar 2018 11:46:17 GMT
Tidy up the Windows support, appears to be good to go.

pts/pgbench-1.8.0   [View Source]   Thu, 01 Mar 2018 11:26:11 GMT
Update against upstream PostgreSQL 10.3, add initial Windows bits.

pts/pgbench-1.7.0   [View Source]   Sat, 14 Oct 2017 15:23:03 GMT
Updating against postgresql 10.0

pts/pgbench-1.6.0   [View Source]   Fri, 19 May 2017 11:57:32 GMT
Update against upstream PostgreSQL 9.6.3.

pts/pgbench-1.5.2   [View Source]   Thu, 08 Oct 2015 16:05:08 GMT
Update download links, advertise BSD compatibility.

pts/pgbench-1.5.1   [View Source]   Tue, 09 Jun 2015 21:16:09 GMT
Hack up pgbench to let it run as root

pts/pgbench-1.5.0   [View Source]   Tue, 09 Jun 2015 20:05:58 GMT
Major update/overhaul of pgbench PostgreSQL benchmark.

pts/pgbench-1.4.0   [View Source]   Wed, 11 Apr 2012 10:15:04 GMT
Move back to older PostgreSQL 8.4.11 upstream server version to work around PostgreSQL 9.x issue right now dealing with the plpg

pts/pgbench-1.3.0   [View Source]   Sat, 27 Aug 2011 16:23:30 GMT
Update PostgreSQL to version 9.0.4.

pts/pgbench-1.2.0   [View Source]   Mon, 06 Dec 2010 15:16:36 GMT
Initial import into

Suites Using This Test

Database Test Suite

C/C++ Compiler Tests


Common Kernel Benchmarks


CPU Massive

Performance Metrics

Analyze Test Configuration:

PostgreSQL 16

Scaling Factor: 1 - Clients: 1 - Mode: Read Write metrics for this test profile configuration based on 13 public results since 17 September 2023 with the latest data as of 1 November 2023.

Additional benchmark metrics will come after has collected a sufficient data-set.

OpenBenchmarking.orgDistribution Of Public Results - Scaling Factor: 1 - Clients: 1 - Mode: Read Write12 Results Range From 21 To 1864 TPS2164107150193236279322365408451494537580623666709752795838881924967101010531096113911821225126813111354139714401483152615691612165516981741178418271870246810

Based on data, the selected test / test configuration (PostgreSQL 16 - Scaling Factor: 1 - Clients: 1 - Mode: Read Write) has an average run-time of 12 minutes. By default this test profile is set to run at least 3 times but may increase if the standard deviation exceeds pre-defined defaults or other calculations deem additional runs necessary for greater statistical accuracy of the result.

OpenBenchmarking.orgMinutesTime Required To Complete BenchmarkScaling Factor: 1 - Clients: 1 - Mode: Read WriteRun-Time612182430Min: 7 / Avg: 11.75 / Max: 26

Based on public results, the selected test / test configuration has an average standard deviation of 0.8%.

OpenBenchmarking.orgPercent, Fewer Is BetterAverage Deviation Between RunsScaling Factor: 1 - Clients: 1 - Mode: Read WriteDeviation246810Min: 0 / Avg: 0.83 / Max: 3

Notable Instruction Set Usage

Notable instruction set extensions supported by this test, based on an automatic analysis by the Phoronix Test Suite / analytics engine.

Instruction Set
Instructions Detected
Last automated analysis: 18 September 2023

This test profile binary relies on the shared libraries

Tested CPU Architectures

This benchmark has been successfully tested on the below mentioned architectures. The CPU architectures listed is where successful result uploads occurred, namely for helping to determine if a given test is compatible with various alternative CPU architectures.

CPU Architecture
Kernel Identifier
Verified On
Intel / AMD x86 64-bit
(Many Processors)
ARMv8 64-bit
ARMv8 Cortex-A72 4-Core