Apache Cassandra

This is a benchmark of the Apache Cassandra NoSQL database management system making use of cassandra-stress.

To run this test with the Phoronix Test Suite, the basic command is: phoronix-test-suite benchmark cassandra.

Source Repository

github.com

Test Created

8 October 2019

Last Updated

28 July 2021

Test Maintainer

Michael Larabel 

Test Type

System

Average Install Time

2 Seconds

Average Run Time

14 Minutes, 35 Seconds

Test Dependencies

Java

Accolades

30k+ Downloads

Supported Platforms


Public Result Uploads *Reported Installs **Reported Test Completions **Test Profile Page Views ***OpenBenchmarking.orgEventsApache Cassandra Popularity Statisticspts/cassandra2019.102019.112019.122020.012020.022020.032020.042020.052020.062020.072020.082020.092020.102020.112020.122021.012021.022021.032021.042021.052021.062021.072021.082021.092021.102021.112021.122022.012022.022022.032022.042022.052022.062022.072022.082022.092022.102022.112022.122023.0114002800420056007000
* Uploading of benchmark result data to OpenBenchmarking.org is always optional (opt-in) via the Phoronix Test Suite for users wishing to share their results publicly.
** Data based on those opting to upload their test results to OpenBenchmarking.org and users enabling the opt-in anonymous statistics reporting while running benchmarks from an Internet-connected platform.
*** Test profile page view reporting began March 2021.
Data current as of 31 January 2023.
Mixed 1:316.6%Mixed 1:114.7%Reads18.7%Writes50.0%Test Option PopularityOpenBenchmarking.org

Revision History

pts/cassandra-1.1.1   [View Source]   Wed, 28 Jul 2021 08:44:39 GMT
Pre.sh fix for letting Cassandra daemon run as root (-R option needed).

pts/cassandra-1.1.0   [View Source]   Tue, 27 Jul 2021 17:50:06 GMT
Update against Apache Cassandra 4.0 upstream.

pts/cassandra-1.0.3   [View Source]   Fri, 03 Apr 2020 16:21:27 GMT
Update mirror lists https://github.com/phoronix-test-suite/test-profiles/issues/135

pts/cassandra-1.0.2   [View Source]   Wed, 09 Oct 2019 07:32:22 GMT
Allow running cassandra as root.

pts/cassandra-1.0.1   [View Source]   Tue, 08 Oct 2019 16:41:13 GMT
Always create logs directory otherwise Cassandra bails.

pts/cassandra-1.0.0   [View Source]   Tue, 08 Oct 2019 16:13:09 GMT
Initial version of Apache Cassandra benchmark using cassandra-stress.

Suites Using This Test

Database Test Suite

Server

Multi-Core


Performance Metrics

Analyze Test Configuration:

Apache Cassandra 4.0

Test: Reads

OpenBenchmarking.org metrics for this test profile configuration based on 215 public results since 27 July 2021 with the latest data as of 5 December 2022.

Below is an overview of the generalized performance for components where there is sufficient statistically significant data based upon user-uploaded results. It is important to keep in mind particularly in the Linux/open-source space there can be vastly different OS configurations, with this overview intended to offer just general guidance as to the performance expectations.

Component
Percentile Rank
# Compatible Public Results
Op/s (Average)
98th
6
450765 +/- 57315
98th
7
435563 +/- 47905
95th
6
393695 +/- 9082
88th
3
310896 +/- 19662
87th
3
292193 +/- 7278
86th
7
289965 +/- 41483
83rd
4
269350 +/- 31106
Mid-Tier
75th
< 191414
75th
7
185268 +/- 8934
74th
3
180860 +/- 19977
69th
4
155491 +/- 13946
68th
4
153328 +/- 10589
63rd
5
133443 +/- 9286
63rd
4
131001 +/- 7957
61st
3
126912 +/- 7305
61st
3
126193 +/- 17557
57th
3
117374 +/- 17504
56th
4
110528 +/- 8837
Median
50th
102666
49th
3
100996 +/- 2789
47th
3
91713 +/- 1482
44th
3
80928 +/- 9409
44th
3
77891 +/- 7120
39th
5
72590 +/- 3517
37th
3
71089 +/- 2738
37th
3
71041 +/- 2224
35th
7
69509 +/- 5059
32nd
4
68541 +/- 1776
30th
3
66073 +/- 5053
Low-Tier
25th
< 57888
23rd
3
56096 +/- 3754
21st
3
46916 +/- 2111
20th
3
43937 +/- 2297
19th
3
41041 +/- 3597
17th
3
37646 +/- 586
15th
3
35547 +/- 3503
14th
4
35431 +/- 3180
14th
3
35206 +/- 674
14th
3
34762 +/- 1206
8th
3
25595 +/- 857
8th
7
24421 +/- 1547
3rd
3
18096 +/- 11
2nd
3
17585 +/- 1656
OpenBenchmarking.orgDistribution Of Public Results - Test: Reads215 Results Range From 15691 To 498678 Op/s156912535135011446715433163991736518331192971102631112291121951131611141271150931160591170251179911189571199231208891218551228211237871247531257191266851276511286171295831305491315151324811334471344131353791363451373111382771392431402091411751421411431071440731450391460051469711479371489031498691612182430

Based on OpenBenchmarking.org data, the selected test / test configuration (Apache Cassandra 4.0 - Test: Reads) has an average run-time of 33 minutes. By default this test profile is set to run at least 3 times but may increase if the standard deviation exceeds pre-defined defaults or other calculations deem additional runs necessary for greater statistical accuracy of the result.

OpenBenchmarking.orgMinutesTime Required To Complete BenchmarkTest: ReadsRun-Time1224364860Min: 8 / Avg: 32.52 / Max: 62

Based on public OpenBenchmarking.org results, the selected test / test configuration has an average standard deviation of 2.3%.

OpenBenchmarking.orgPercent, Fewer Is BetterAverage Deviation Between RunsTest: ReadsDeviation3691215Min: 0 / Avg: 2.29 / Max: 11

Does It Scale Well With Increasing Cores?

Yes, based on the automated analysis of the collected public benchmark data, this test / test settings does generally scale well with increasing CPU core counts. Data based on publicly available results for this test / test settings, separated by vendor, result divided by the reference CPU clock speed, grouped by matching physical CPU core count, and normalized against the smallest core count tested from each vendor for each CPU having a sufficient number of test samples and statistically significant data.

IntelAMDOpenBenchmarking.orgRelative Core Scaling To BaseApache Cassandra CPU Core ScalingTest: Reads46816641.45212.90424.35635.80847.2605

Tested CPU Architectures

This benchmark has been successfully tested on the below mentioned architectures. The CPU architectures listed is where successful OpenBenchmarking.org result uploads occurred, namely for helping to determine if a given test is compatible with various alternative CPU architectures.

CPU Architecture
Kernel Identifier
Verified On
Intel / AMD x86 64-bit
x86_64
(Many Processors)
ARMv8 64-bit
aarch64
ARMv8 Neoverse-N1 64-Core, ARMv8 Neoverse-N1 80-Core

Recent Test Results

OpenBenchmarking.org Results Compare

2 Systems - 301 Benchmark Results

2 x Intel Xeon Gold 5222 - Cisco UCSB-B200-M5 - Intel Sky Lake-E DMI3 Registers

OracleServer 8.7 - 5.15.0-4.70.5.2.el8uek.x86_64 - GCC 8.5.0 20210514

1 System - 12 Benchmark Results

Intel Celeron N4000 - ASUS E203MAH v1.0 - Intel Gemini Lake

Ubuntu 18.04 - 5.4.0-124-generic - GNOME Shell 3.28.4

1 System - 11 Benchmark Results

Intel Celeron N4000 - ASUS E203MAH v1.0 - Intel Gemini Lake

Ubuntu 18.04 - 5.4.0-124-generic - GNOME Shell 3.28.4

1 System - 10 Benchmark Results

Intel Celeron N4000 - ASUS E203MAH v1.0 - Intel Gemini Lake

Ubuntu 18.04 - 5.4.0-124-generic - GNOME Shell 3.28.4

1 System - 9 Benchmark Results

Intel Celeron N4000 - ASUS E203MAH v1.0 - Intel Gemini Lake

Ubuntu 18.04 - 5.4.0-124-generic - GNOME Shell 3.28.4

1 System - 8 Benchmark Results

Intel Celeron N4000 - ASUS E203MAH v1.0 - Intel Gemini Lake

Ubuntu 18.04 - 5.4.0-124-generic - GNOME Shell 3.28.4

1 System - 7 Benchmark Results

Intel Celeron N4000 - ASUS E203MAH v1.0 - Intel Gemini Lake

Ubuntu 18.04 - 5.4.0-124-generic - GNOME Shell 3.28.4

1 System - 6 Benchmark Results

Intel Celeron N4000 - ASUS E203MAH v1.0 - Intel Gemini Lake

Ubuntu 18.04 - 5.4.0-124-generic - GNOME Shell 3.28.4

1 System - 5 Benchmark Results

Intel Celeron N4000 - ASUS E203MAH v1.0 - Intel Gemini Lake

Ubuntu 18.04 - 5.4.0-124-generic - GNOME Shell 3.28.4

1 System - 4 Benchmark Results

Intel Celeron N4000 - ASUS E203MAH v1.0 - Intel Gemini Lake

Ubuntu 18.04 - 5.4.0-124-generic - GNOME Shell 3.28.4

1 System - 4 Benchmark Results

Intel Core i5-10210U - Oracle VirtualBox v1.2 - Intel 440FX 82441FX PMC

Ubuntu 22.04 - 5.15.0-53-generic - GNOME Shell 42.2

1 System - 17 Benchmark Results

2 x Intel Xeon Gold 6226R - Dell 014X06 - Intel Sky Lake-E DMI3 Registers

Ubuntu 20.04 - 5.4.0-131-generic - ext4

2 Systems - 140 Benchmark Results

AMD Ryzen 5 3600 6-Core - ASRockRack B450D4U-V1L v1.0 - AMD Starship

Debian 11 - 5.10.0-18-amd64 - GCC 10.2.1 20210110

1 System - 91 Benchmark Results

AMD Ryzen 5 3600 6-Core - ASRockRack B450D4U-V1L v1.0 - AMD Starship

Debian 11 - 5.10.0-18-amd64 - GCC 10.2.1 20210110

1 System - 92 Benchmark Results

Intel Core i5-12500 - ASUS PRIME Z690M-HZ - Intel Device 7aa7

Debian 11 - 5.10.0-18-amd64 - GCC 10.2.1 20210110

Most Popular Test Results

OpenBenchmarking.org Results Compare

4 Systems - 196 Benchmark Results

Intel Core i7-8700K - ASUS TUF Z370-PLUS GAMING - Intel 8th Gen Core

Ubuntu 20.04 - 5.9.0-050900rc6daily20200923-generic - GNOME Shell 3.36.4

5 Systems - 34 Benchmark Results

2 x AMD EPYC 7763 64-Core - AMD DAYTONA_X - AMD Starship

Debian 11 - 5.10.0-8-amd64 - GNOME Shell 3.38.4

12 Systems - 278 Benchmark Results

AMD Ryzen 9 5900X 12-Core - ASUS TUF GAMING B550-PLUS - AMD Starship

Ubuntu 20.04 - 5.11.0-38-generic - GNOME Shell 3.36.9

4 Systems - 63 Benchmark Results

AMD Ryzen 9 3900XT 12-Core - MSI MEG X570 GODLIKE - AMD Starship

Ubuntu 20.10 - 5.11.0-rc1-phx - GNOME Shell 3.38.1

4 Systems - 93 Benchmark Results

AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3960X 24-Core - MSI Creator TRX40 - AMD Starship

Ubuntu 20.04 - 5.12.0-051200rc2daily20210307-generic - GNOME Shell 3.36.4

8 Systems - 364 Benchmark Results

2 x AMD EPYC 7742 64-Core - Supermicro H11DSi-NT v2.00 - AMD Starship

Ubuntu 21.10 - 5.13.0-19-generic - GNOME Shell 40.5

3 Systems - 261 Benchmark Results

AMD Ryzen Threadripper 2990WX 32-Core - ASUS ROG ZENITH EXTREME - AMD 17h

Ubuntu 20.10 - 5.8.0-50-generic - GNOME Shell 3.38.1

5 Systems - 27 Benchmark Results

2 x Intel Xeon Platinum 8380 - Intel M50CYP2SB2U - Intel Device 0998

Ubuntu 20.04 - 5.14.0-rc1-folio - GNOME Shell 3.36.4

3 Systems - 83 Benchmark Results

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X 6-Core - ASRockRack X470D4U2-2T v1.01 - AMD Starship

Debian 11 - 5.10.0-16-amd64 - GCC 10.2.1 20210110

2 Systems - 358 Benchmark Results

AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X 64-Core - Gigabyte TRX40 DESIGNARE - AMD Starship

Ubuntu 20.04 - 5.13.0-28-generic - X Server 1.20.11

3 Systems - 89 Benchmark Results

AMD Ryzen 9 3950X 16-Core - ASUS ROG CROSSHAIR VII HERO - AMD Starship

Ubuntu 20.04 - 5.9.0-050900rc6daily20200922-generic - GNOME Shell 3.36.4

3 Systems - 326 Benchmark Results

AMD EPYC 7742 64-Core - Supermicro H11DSi-NT v2.00 - AMD Starship

Ubuntu 21.10 - 5.13.0-19-generic - GNOME Shell 40.5

4 Systems - 318 Benchmark Results

AMD EPYC 7F52 16-Core - Supermicro H11DSi-NT v2.00 - AMD Starship

Ubuntu 21.10 - 5.13.0-19-generic - GNOME Shell 40.5

Find More Test Results